Midway through her 12th year of teaching social studies, Maria found herself reflecting on an ongoing challenge: She was pleased that students in her United States history class regularly volunteered to share their opinions on topics the class was studying.
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Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. APA American Psychological Association style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed.
To see a side-by-side comparison of the three most widely used citation styles, including a chart of all APA citation guidelines, see the Citation Style Chart.
You should use a clear font that is highly readable. APA recommends using 12 pt. Times New Roman font. Include a page header also known as the "running head" at the top of every page. The running head is a shortened version of your paper's title and cannot exceed 50 characters including spacing and punctuation.
Major Paper Sections Your essay should include four major sections: Title Page The title page should contain the title of the paper, the author's name, and the institutional affiliation. Include the page header described above flush left with the page number flush right at the top of the page.
This link will take you to the APA site where you can find a complete list of all the errors in the APA's 6th edition style guide. Type your title in upper and lowercase letters centered in the upper half of the page. APA recommends that your title be no more than 12 words in length and that it should not contain abbreviations or words that serve no purpose.
Your title may take up one or two lines. All text on the title page, and throughout your paper, should be double-spaced. Beneath the title, type the author's name: Do not use titles Dr. Beneath the author's name, type the institutional affiliation, which should indicate the location where the author s conducted the research.
Your abstract page should already include the page header described above. Beginning with the next line, write a concise summary of the key points of your research. Your abstract should contain at least your research topic, research questions, participants, methods, results, data analysis, and conclusions.
You may also include possible implications of your research and future work you see connected with your findings. Your abstract should be a single paragraph, double-spaced. Your abstract should be between and words.
You may also want to list keywords from your paper in your abstract. To do this, indent as you would if you were starting a new paragraph, type Keywords: Listing your keywords will help researchers find your work in databases. However, select pages, like the Citation Style Chartstill include this information.
Purdue Online Writing Lab. Contributors' names Last edited date.A note for teachers: These lessons are posted so that you may borrow ideas from them, but our intention in providing this resource is not to give teachers a word-for-word script to follow.
Please, use this lesson's big ideas but adapt everything else. And adapt it recklessly; that's how you become an authentic writing . The Purdue University Online Writing Lab serves writers from around the world and the Purdue University Writing Lab helps writers on Purdue's campus.
Example: Today I am going to tell you how to make the best sandwich in the world. First, you must roast a chicken and slice it into thick ashio-midori.com toast your favourite bread (two slices).. After that you need to put mayonnaise and mustard on the toast and then the chicken slices.
Next you are going to add your vegetables. Tomatoes, lettuce onions, cucumbers etc. Citation Machine™ helps students and professionals properly credit the information that they use.
Cite sources in APA, MLA, Chicago, Turabian, and Harvard for free. Online homework and grading tools for instructors and students that reinforce student learning through practice and instant feedback. Welcome to the American Perspectives Volume I eText Website for Houston Community College.
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