Here is some more information on what these different constructions are and when you should use each of them.
Janet In certain disciplines of science, passive voice is used to avoid overusing or using at all we or I. This is not the same thing as the passive voice being the expected style; you can often avoid using we and still use the active voice, and you should do so except if the passive voice is preferable for other reasons.
You are still likely to end up with writing that uses the passive voice more often than would be ideal. The first three points are valid and important, I think; the fourth strikes me as being irrelevant at best. In my experience, such intentionality is rare. More often, an author falls into passive voice unwittingly and repeatedly in situations where doing so does nothing to supply a desirable emphasis or to promote structural variety.
But this is all a matter of taste, I suppose, since the sentence does eventually identify the actor and attribute the action to that actor.
The worst fault of passive voice is that all too often it serves to deliver action without an actor. One could argue that Reagan chose this wording because he wanted to emphasize the politically fraught concession implied by the word "mistakes"; but the formulation also has the convenient characteristic of failing to identify a source of the mistakes: The sentence identifies a result and an action, but no actor in the non—Ronald Reagan sense of the word.
Consider this extended exercise in passivity: When the cost of proposals is born by the business side of the house, frivolous proposals are stopped, proposals are better prioritized, and what is proposed is more likely to have a true ROI to the business, reducing waste and abandoned projects.
The first passive-voice element "is born" has an identified actor "the business side of the house"but the next three "are stopped," "are prioritized," and "is proposed" do not. A reader slogging through this sentence must either struggle to identify the unnamed actors the allocation of cost to the business side "stops" frivolous proposals, the receivers of proposals [presumably managers] "prioritize" them, and the makers of proposals [presumably lower-level staffers] "propose" them or—as is much more likely—skate over the surface of the sentence without really comprehending it.
The following reformulation of the sentence is far likelier to make sense to a reader: Requiring the business side of the house to bear the cost of proposals discourages staffers from submitting frivolous proposals, encourages managers to give priority to the most promising suggestions, and increases the likelihood that proposals will offer a legitimate return on investment, thereby reducing waste and lowering the incidence of abandoned projects.
Finally, actorless passive voice often crops up in situations where the unnamed actor responsible for the action in a sentence is in fact the author.
In these instances, obscuring the author as the source of the action promotes a sense of the objective truth of the assertion. The company simply "could not be contacted.Because in passive voice the verb is done to the subject as opposed to the subject doing the verb.
When is it a good time to use passive voice? When you are in science class, during technical writing, doing lab reports, publishing newspaper, and political events. Basics of Scholarly Voice Formal language and tone are expected in scholarly writing, although the definition of formal varies over time and by field.
Most current fields agree, however, that colloquialisms, slang, contractions, biased language, rhetorical questions, and . A previous article had promoted the use of active voice for persuasive communications.
To summarize, sentences in passive voice (e.g., “Your feedback is appreciated,”) though grammatically correct, seem impersonal and obscure the responsibility of actions or feelings they convey.
As a general rule, it is advisable to use the active voice in place of the passive voice. It is clearer if the actor of the sentence is known straight away.
The active style is also less cumbersome and easier to read, e.g. ‘UK law governs this contract’ is preferable to ‘This contract is governed by UK law’. Why Writing Skills are Necessary for Paralegals Paralegals and paralegal students often have difficulty developing their writing skills to the level expected from legal industry.
The legal professionals rely heavily on both verbal and written communication, and writing is an essential necessity for both lawyers and legal secretaries. The passive voice is a grammatical "voice".The noun or noun phrase that would be the object of a corresponding active sentence (such as "Our troops defeated the enemy") appears as the subject of a sentence or clause in the passive voice ("The enemy was defeated by our troops")..
The subject of a sentence or clause featuring the passive voice typically denotes the recipient of the action (the.