Home Essay Samples Simple Stimulus Learning Abstract In this paper, we address the concept of Simple Stimulus Learning which is simply a change in behavior that occurs after a certain individual has gone though an experience. With examples from everyday lives, stimulus and response relationship will be elucidated. We will also be taking a close look at the notion of Habituation that is simply defined by the state of an individual where by he or she is used to a certain aspect of their lifestyle be it personal or professional.
Contact Author Simple Stimulus Learning While learning can be defined as a fairly permanent change in behavior brought about by experience, stimulus learning includes those things we learn through our senses, known as Perceptual Learning, and by exposure to different stimulus, or Simple Stimulus Learning.
A stimulus is something from our environment that elicits a response from the individual who is exposed to it.
Repeated exposure to the same stimulus can cause a decrease in response, which is called habituation, or a preference for the stimulus to develop through the mere exposure to the stimuli itself.
There are many real-world examples using these techniques, but the two that will be discussed in this paper are how habituation affects our eating habits and how using simple stimulus learning procedures can Examples of simple stimulus learning fears and phobias.
Habituation The basic concept behind habituation is that the more one is exposed to a certain stimulus, the less reaction there will be.
However, if the stimulus is withdrawn and then reintroduced there could be a temporary increase in the response. Habituation is measured by way of response times.
These include startle response, eye blink response, blood flow changes, and galvanic skin response that are changes in the skins ability to conduct electricity caused by an emotional response. For infants, habituation is measured by a change in the quantity, or length of time, of visual fixation on the stimulus Terry, Habituation occurs when an individual is repeatedly exposed to the same stimuli, which allows individuals to focus on what is important to him or her in a world full of distractions.
On a daily basis people are exposed to repetitive noises. There is the ticking of clocks, the squeak of a ceiling fan spinning, people talking in the background, dogs barking, and children at play, not to mention the internal sounds of our own bodies at work. Even though some conditions like ADD make it hard to block out these types of noises, for the majority of people habituation gives them the ability to disregard them and focus on what needs to be done.
For example, writing a research paper for school Raygor, Habituation can be evaluated through the use of a standard set of criterion. First, the more often the stimulus is repeated, the more the response is reduced either in size of frequency.
Second, if the stimulus is held back for a while the response to the stimuli can recover. The amount of time between exposures to the stimuli will affect the level of habituation. For instance, being exposed to the stimulus many times in a short period of time will produce habituation for the short-term, but continued exposure to the stimulus spread out over time could produce more long-lasting habituation.
Temporary return of the response to the stimulus may return if a different stimulus is presented, which is known as dishabituation. Last, habituation is specific to the stimulus that the individual was exposed to, and although some generalization to similar stimuli may occur, it does cover every new stimulus Terry, Perceptual Learning There are a number of different factors that can have an effect on perceptual learning.
Anytime an individual is exposed to a stimulus he or she will learn certain things about that stimulus. When presented with similar types of stimulus, learning to perceptually distinguish between them is possible. This type of learning is improved by increased focus on the specific details that distinguish one stimulus from another.
Repeatedly showing the same stimulus does not help the individual determine which characteristics are required for identification, whereas presenting contrasting stimuli will give him or her something to compare it to that will highlight the distinguishing features.
Starting with simple differentiating features, like the direction of a backslash versus forward slash can enhance the learning process and facilitate distinguishing more complicated differences down the line.
Although perceptual learning does not require feedback from the examiner, it does require attention from the individual Terry, Stimulus Exposure While repeated exposure to a stimulus sometimes results in a reduction in the response level that is not always the case with Stimulus Exposure.
Another result is known as the Mere Exposure Effect that occurs from continued exposure to a stimulus as well, but causes a preference for the stimulus to develop. This occurs in both humans and animals and is demonstrated in preferences for familiar objects, locations, and foods.
Just being exposed to a stimulus could lead to a liking for or preference of a particular stimulus. Once a stimulus has been introduced there is a chance repeated exposure will elicit a reaction or recognition of the stimulus that is known as the Priming Effect.
When an individual is in a heightened emotional state, it can cause a higher level of reaction to a stimulus as well Terry, Simple Stimulus Learning Although habituation is considered a primitive, or basic, learning technique it is being used to study eating habits, including how much we eat, why we stop eating, and obesity.
It is particularly effective when studying single-food snacks or meals. According to Epstein, Temple, Roemmich, and Bouton,people stop eating when they have become habituated to the food. Someone eating a simple single food snack, like an apple for instance would habituate to the food sooner than someone eating a more complex single food snack made from more individual ingredients, like pizza.Stimulus learning is a permanent behavioral change that results from experience.
Stimulus learning is made up of simple forms of learning like habituation and conditioning. It is acquired in the event that stimulus is introduced as part of the process of learning that can manipulate behavior. Simple Stimulus Learning Lauren N.
Jones Psychology February 28, Dr. Rachel Needle Simple Stimulus Learning “Stimulus learning is a relatively permanent change in behavior, or behavior repertoire which occurs as a result of experience” (Terry, ). Simple Stimulus Learning. Simple Stimulus Learning Paper In this paper, this author will analyze forms of simple stimulus learning.
He will examine the concept of habituation, analyze factors that affect perceptual learning, and examine the effects of stimulus exposure.
Definition of stimulus written for English Language Learners from the Merriam-Webster Learner's Dictionary with audio pronunciations, usage examples, and count/noncount noun labels.
Learner's Dictionary mobile search. The concept of simple stimulus learning is the acquisition of knowledge triggered by a stimulus. As such simple stimulus learning encompasses real-life applications in the form of stimulus exposure, sensitization, and classical conditioning.
Mar 19, · Simple Stimulus Learning While learning can be defined as a fairly permanent change in behavior brought about by experience, stimulus learning includes those things we learn through our senses, known as Perceptual Learning, and by exposure Reviews: 1.