Child obesity causes and prevention

The cornerstones of a weight-control plan are physical activity and diet management. The sooner a plan is put in place, the better, because it is much easier to change habits in children or even teenagers than in adults. Physical activity The single best thing you can do is restrict the amount of time your child spends watching TV, sitting at the computer, or playing video games.

Child obesity causes and prevention

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Child obesity causes and prevention

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Pediatric or childhood obesity is the most prevalent nutritional disorder among children and adolescents worldwide. The prevalence of obesity is highest among specific ethnic groups.

Obesity increases the risk of heart diseases in children and adults. Childhood obesity predisposes the individual to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, liver and kidney diseases and causes reproductive dysfunction in adults.

Obesity in children is a major health concern of the developed world. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey has reported that the prevalence of obesity is on the increase in all the pediatric age groups, in males and females, and in various ethnic and racial groups.

Factors, such as eating habits, genetics, environment, metabolism, and lifestyle play an important role in the development of obesity.

Obesity occurs when the body consumes more calories than it burns, through overeating and underexercising. The symptoms of obesity include breathing disorders, sleep apnea, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, certain types of cancer such as prostate, bowel, breast and uterine, coronary heart disease, diabetes type 2 in childrendepression, liver and gallbladder problems, gastro-esophageal reflux disease, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, stroke, and joint diseases such as osteoarthritis, pain in knees and lower back.

Environmental, behavioral such as consumption of convenience foods, genetic, and family factors contribute to pediatric obesity.

Child obesity causes and prevention

Obesity can be countered through lower calorie consumption, weight loss and diet programs, as well as increased physical activity. A number of endogenous molecules including leptin, hypothalamic melanocortin 4 receptor, and mitochondrial uncoupling proteins, are known to affect body weight.

These molecules serve as potential targets for the pharmacological manipulation of obesity. For children and obese adolescents, metformin is used in the case of insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia. Octreotide is used for hypothalamic obesity.

Pathophysiology

Bariatric surgery is performed for the treatment of severe childhood obesity. The causes, symptoms, prevention and treatment of pediatric obesity are described in the present review. Introduction Pediatric or childhood obesity is a growing global epidemic that requires attention due to the burden placed on the healthcare system for children and adults 1.

Consumption of fatty foods and a high sugar diet, as well as tobacco smoking, and no exercise qualify as the main reasons for obesity among children and adults. Pediatric obesity affects all the organs in the body and has an increasing prevalence in young diabetic children.

Childhood obesity is connected with an increased risk of various diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular, stroke, certain types of cancer later in life, social problems and depression among youth 2.

As an increasing number of children are becoming overweight, health professionals need to search for effective methods for the prevention and treatment of obesity. In the past 30 years, pediatric obesity has more than doubled in children and tripled in adolescents worldwide 3.

Obesity may be defined as having excess body fat and can be determined by the BMI percentage using a growth chart 3.The prevalence of childhood obesity in the United States has risen dramatically in the past several decades. Although 25 to 30 percent of children are affected, this condition is underdiagnosed.

The causes of obesity are as varied as the people it affects. At its most basic, of course, obesity results when someone regularly takes in more calories than needed.

The body stores these excess calories as body fat, and over time the extra pounds add up. What Causes Obesity in Children? Children become overweight and obese for a variety of reasons.

The most common causes are genetic factors, lack of physical activity, unhealthy eating patterns, or a combination of these factors. Only in rare cases is being overweight caused by a medical condition such as a hormonal problem.

Nov 11,  · Pediatric or childhood obesity is the most prevalent nutritional disorder among children and adolescents worldwide. Approximately 43 million individuals are obese, 21–24% children and adolescents are overweight, and 16–18% of individuals have abdominal obesity.

These studies are exploring the various causes and associations of obesity, the physical, emotional, and financial impact of pediatric obesity, as well as a broad array of management tools, potential medications, and other therapies for the treatment of childhood obesity.

In this article, learn about the causes of obesity in kids, how to calculate your child’s BMI, and what their number may mean for their future and immediate health.

Childhood Obesity: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment And Prevention