How different must your paraphrase be from the original? The paragraphs below provide an example by showing a passage as it appears in the sourcetwo paraphrases that follow the source too closelyand a legitimate paraphrase.
Four Examples of Quotes and Paraphrases Here are four examples of what I mean about properly quoting and paraphrasing evidence in your research essays.
There are many positive effects for advertising prescription drugs on television. In her Pharmaceutical Executive article available through the Wilson Select Internet database, Jill Wechsler writes about one of the positive effects of advertising prescription drugs on television.
In this particular example, the passage is from a traditional print journal called Pharmaceutical Executive. When you use a direct quote in your research, you need to the indicate page number of that direct quote or you need to indicate that the evidence has no specific page numbers.
On references to this piece of evidence after the first reference, you can use just the last name of the writer. Wechsler also reports on the positive effects of advertising prescription drugs on television.
Here is a BAD example of a paraphrase: While Gatsby is deeply in love with Daisy in The Great Gatsby, his love for her is indistinguishable from his love of his possessions Callahan. There are two problems with this paraphrase.
First, if this is the first or only reference to this particular piece of evidence in the research essay, the writer should include more information about the source of this paraphrase in order to properly introduce it.
Second, this paraphrase is actually not of the entire article but rather of a specific passage. The writer has neglected to note the page number within the parenthetical citation. By incorporating the name of the author of the evidence the research writer is referring to here, the source of this paraphrase is now clear to the reader.
Repetto concludes that in the case of the scallop industry, those running the industry should be held responsible for not considering methods that would curtail the problems of over-fishing.
This revision is improved because the research writer has introduced and explained the point of the evidence with the addition of a clarifying sentence. It also follows the rules of APA style.
Generally, APA style prefers that the research writer refer to the author only by last name followed immediately by the year of publication. Computer criminals have lots of ways to get away with credit card fraud Cameron, This is why it is key that you introduce and explain your evidence.
Criminals are also able to use the technology to their advantage by communicating via email and chat rooms with other criminals. Again, this revision is better because the additional information introduces and explains the point of the evidence.
How to Avoid Plagiarism in the Research Process Plagiarism is the unauthorized or uncredited use of the writings or ideas of another in your writing.
While it might not be as tangible as auto theft or burglary, plagiarism is still a form of theft. In the academic world, plagiarism is a serious matter because ideas in the forms of research, creative work, and original thought are highly valued.
Chances are, your school has strict rules about what happens when someone is caught plagiarizing. The penalty for plagiarism is severe, everything from a failing grade for the plagiarized work, a failing grade for the class, or expulsion from the institution. You might not be aware that plagiarism can take several different forms.
The most well known, purposeful plagiarismis handing in an essay written by someone else and representing it as your own, copying your essay word for word from a magazine or journal, or downloading an essay from the Internet. A much more common and less understood phenomenon is what I call accidental plagiarism.
Accidental plagiarism is the result of improperly paraphrasing, summarizing, quoting, or citing your evidence in your academic writing. Both purposeful and accidental plagiarism are wrong, against the rules, and can result in harsh punishments. Ignoring or not knowing the rules of how to not plagiarize and properly cite evidence might be an explanation, but it is not an excuse.
Those who denounce cyberculture today strangely resemble those who criticized rock music during the fifties and sixties.
Rock started out as an Anglo-American phenomenon and has become an industry. Nonetheless, it was able to capture the hopes of young people around the world and provided enjoyment to those of us who listened to or played rock.
Sixties pop was the conscience of one or two generations that helped bring the war in Vietnam to a close. Obviously, neither rock nor pop has solved global poverty or hunger. U of Minnesota P, The same kind of people who criticize cyberculture are the same kind of people who criticized rock and roll music back in the fifties and sixties.
But both cyberculture and rock music inspire and entertain young people.Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing Summary: This handout is intended to help you become more comfortable with the uses of and distinctions among quotations, paraphrases, and summaries.
Automatic works cited and bibliography formatting for MLA, APA and Chicago/Turabian citation styles.
Now supports 7th edition of MLA. The method you should follow to properly quote or paraphrase depends on the style guide you are following in your academic writing.
The two most common style guides used in academic writing are the Modern Language Association (MLA), and the American Psychological Association (APA). Axia College Material Appendix E Quoting, Summarizing, and Paraphrasing Sources Summarize: • Be brief.
• Reflect key facts or ideas. • Help readers understand context. • Do not insert personal views. • Write in your own words, except for quotations. Jun 27, · Associate Program Material.
Writing an Annotated Bibliography and Quoting, Summarizing, and Paraphrasing a Source. An annotated bibliography is a tool writers use to collect information about their source materials.
Learn to borrow from a source without plagiarizing. For more information on paraphrasing, as well as other ways to integrate sources into your paper, see the Purdue OWL handout Quoting Paraphrasing, and Summarizing.
For more information about writing research papers, see our .