Some mothers who have positive blood tests have normal babies.
Pregnant ladies go through different emotions, ranging from excitement to paranoia for the well being of their babies. Though maternal hormones can cause such mood swings, it is also important to bear in mind that pregnancies are also associated with weakened immune system which can increase the risk of several infectious diseases.
One of the most dangerous congenital diseases is Spina Bifida. What is Spina Bifida? It is the birth defect occurs when the neural tube, addressing the spinal cord does not develop fully. Since, it causes the part of the spinal cord to obtrude through the neural tube opening. The child with Spina Bifida has to suffer from the nervous system damage which leads to paralysis.
Basically, it is a common birth defect which relatively cause infant in the United States every year. Doctors are not certain what cause this disease however; there are few risk facts responsible for its development.
They are increased body temperature, obesity, diabetes, folic acid deficiency, etc. Types of Spina Bifida: Spina Bifida is of three different types. They are meningocele, occulta and myelomeningocele.
Each of these types has different levels of problems and symptoms. It is the safest form of spina bifida which shows that the layer of skin envelops the opening of the spine.
It rarely causes any disability or symptom. This kind of Spina bifida covers the brain and spinal cord.
The child diagnosed with Spina bifida has to undergo from the surgery in order to prevent any nerve damage. It is the most severe type which occurs when the spinal cord is exposed through the spine. It causes partial or complete analysis of the body. Side Effects through Spina Bifida: Urine and kidney problems: There are many problems associated with this disease.
Studies have proven that patients with this kind of disease require lifelong antibiotics to prevent the risk of infections. For such patients, major surgeries are performed during later childhood, i. This surgery involves operation on the bladder with the purpose to make the catheter pass into the bladder easier and thereby allow the children to catheterize themselves.
The increasing weight of the child may cause progressive problems with walking. This results in the imbalance of actions of the tendons and cause joint deformities. Operation is needed to ankle, knee or hip muscles. The children with Spina bifida face problems in controlling their bowel movements.
The main root behind this is the constipation which can often be controlled by medicines.Children with this form of spina bifida may also develop a progressive tethering of the spinal cord, in which the spinal cord and vertebrae don't stretch and grow normally as the child grows.
This may cause loss of muscle function in the legs, bowel and bladder. We performed an exploratory analysis of data from the NSBPR (National Spina Bifida Patient Registry) to assess variation in the frequency of bladder reconstruction surgeries among NSBPR centers.
The entry criteria were that individuals should have (i) intact global function, (ii) average verbal intelligence (or above), and (iii) should not have clinical depression. There were three sub-groups: patients with hydrocephalus and spina bifida, patients with hydrocephalus without spina bifida, and patients with spina bifida without hydrocephalus.
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Edit concept Create issue ticket Spina Bifida Myelomeningocele. Spina bifida by literal definition of the word means a split spine. It is a congenital malformation of the spine in which there is a discontinuation that allows part of the spinal cord and its meninges to herniate through it.
Children and adolescents with spina bifida might lack the motivation and skills for planning their future and health care programmes should therefore include preparations for life as an adult.
Clinical assessment of the level of independence should specifically distinguish between the activities.